Ferrari have once again introduced a completely new concept in Formula One, now by cutting open the nose cone and creating a channel through the nose itself. Although the idea is not new and has been discussed in the F1technical forum extensively, it is the first real implementation.
The idea originates from the fact that the nose cone obstructs the front wing's upward air stream. In the centre of the wing, the airflow previously hit the underside of the cone, creating extra drag and also reducing the efficiency of the front wing itself.
Yet, the new Ferrari design allows for that upward air to flow through a channel in the nose. It exits above the nose, just ahead of the front suspension components. Despite its negative drag effect on top of the nose, the improvements under the nose are substantial. Not only will the upward airflow be smoother, it will also create a lower pressure area under the nose. As a result, molecules tend to fill that void and flow faster along the front wing, further improving the efficiency of the front wing.