Scuderia Toro Rosso
|Based in: Faenza, Italy|
Founded: 2005 (active since 2006)
Team principal: Franz Tost (since 2006)
Team advisor: Gerhard Berger (since 2006)
Technical director: Alex Hitzinger (2006-2007), Giorgio Ascanelli (2008-2012), James Key (since Sep 2013)
Head of Vehicle Performance: Laurent Mekies (since 2013)
After the inaugural year of Red Bull racing, the drink company had many upcoming sponsored drivers waiting in line to test for the team and trying to get a place into Formula One. As that first year was satisfying with good performance and the building of a good image, the company decided to invest more and bought the struggling Minardi team to start up Scuderia Torro Rosso. Initially named Squadra Torro Rosso, the team were at first a junior team for Red Bull Racing.
Scuderia Torro Rosso started by modifying the Red Bull RB1 and operates on its own in the former base of Minardi in Faenza, Italy. As of 1 Januari 2006, Franz Tost is in the lead of the team. The 49 year old Austrian was a former BMW Motorsport employee where he was Track Operation Manager from 2000 to 2005.
On 9 February, former F1 driver and BMW Motorsport manager Gerhard Berger bought 50% of the stakes of Toro Rosso, handing 50% of his own shipping company's stakes to Red Bull owner Dietrich Mateschitz. Berger fulfils an advisory role in the team aside of team principal Franz Tost.
In the beginning of 2007, the team was able to get a hold on a Ferrari engine supply after Red Bull Racing didn't want them anymore. As Ferrari contracted Red Bull Technologies for the engines, Toro Rosso could just take over the contract despite unhappiness at Ferrari's HQ. By then, Vitantonio Liuzzi had scored the team's first point at the 2006 United States Grand Prix.
2007 was a bit troublesome for the small team, but when Sebastian Vettel got hold of a race seat, things improved steadily. The young German later secured the team's first pole position and victory at the 2008 Italian Grand Prix. The team ended 6th in the constructors' standings with 39 points, 35 of those scored by Vettel who moved on to Red Bull racing at the end of 2008.
Along with Vettel left Berger. In late November 2008, Red Bull regained total ownership of Toro Rosso after buying back Berger's share of the team.
In 2009 the team largely fell short of its competitors due to not having Red Bull's car updates in time. The lag of 3 or more races for the team were just too much in a season where performance was largely determined by the rate teams could add updates to their cars. 2010 was more of the same while the team prepared to entirely design its own 2011 car.
To keep some consistency, Buemi and Alguersuari were retained and thanks to a number of consistent points scoring finishes, the team finished 8th in the constructors' championship.
2012 finally marked a drive change for the team as team principal Franz Tost declared he wanted his team to be a step up for young drivers. Daniel Ricciardo and Jean-Eric Vergne were hired. The team initially didn't perform well but the performance improved towards the end of the season, ending 9th in the constructors' championship.
On 6 September 2012, it was announced that James Key had joined the team as Technical Director, replacing Giorgio Ascanelli. Former chief designer Laurent Mekies was promoted to the new position of Head of Vehicle Performance. The result was a fundamentally different Toro Rosso STR8 which proved more competitive, especially after adopting a ramp style sidepod layout to enhance the car's aerodynamic efficiency.
|Car designation||Race years|
|Scuderia Toro Rosso STR1||2006|
|Scuderia Toro Rosso STR2||2007|
|Scuderia Toro Rosso STR2B||2008|
|Scuderia Toro Rosso STR3||2008|
|Scuderia Toro Rosso STR4||2009|
|Scuderia Toro Rosso STR5||2010|
|Scuderia Toro Rosso STR6||2011|
|Scuderia Toro Rosso STR7||2012|
|Scuderia Toro Rosso STR8||2013|
|Scuderia Toro Rosso STR9||2014|
|Scuderia Toro Rosso STR10||2015|
|Toro Rosso STR11||2016|