The battery packs already are able to store quite a bit more than 4 MJ worth of energy. 3.6MJ = 1KWh. The best commercially available Li based batteries have an energy density of around 380w hrs per kg. With a 20kg minimum weight for the battery pack, we can conservatively estimate that there's probably at least 15kg worth of battery in there.Tommy Cookers wrote:to have higher recovery from our MGU-K even for a moment would surely require a bigger battery pack ? (and mgu-k and power electronics)wuzak wrote:
- Full uncapped ERS would lead to energy recovery from both axles and probably would require deployment from both axles (ie 4wd). For it to be used for any length of time it would require a battery pack very much larger than now in use, and extra weight, and/or
[*}use of a turbine and MGUH. Since you want 20,000rpm you will not want the compressor .....
the size of these must be proportional to the peak rate of energy transfer (peak power)
in particular the battery (lifewise) will not stand being charged and discharged at eg 2x or 3x or 5x the present rate even for 1 second at a time
also remember how brief is the high braking power as it is (roughly) proportional to the square of the speed (which falls quickly at 5g deceleration)
we would be adding a lot of weight and bulk etc to access a momentary window of recovery benefit
(it might even be better to brake earlier and longer to recover much more energy without much more power)
increasing the power of ERS (with the necessary response and stability) will increasingly emulate the effects of ABS and traction control
especially if we go all-wheel
So the battery packs are anywhere between 5 - 8 KWh(conservative estimate). So the total capacity of the ES is up to ~20MJ as it is. A number which will increase every year pretty much. It's not inconceivable to have a 50kg battery pack, if they cut the weight off the ICE itself. Suppose we make it to 440w hrs/kg by 2020 at the current rate of development with a 50kg ES would give you a 22KWh pack or almost 80MJ of capacity, with that much head room you could realistically charge and discharge 15MJ per lap to the battery with the right voltage.
Only way you could realistically harvest that much energy is to have multiple ERS feeding the ES. MGU-K, MGU-H, probably have to start havesting energy from the suspension at that point. MKG-U(motor kinetic generator unit) to harvest the spring forces as the car pounds around the track can also be used for active suspension.