We often see Bernoulli based explanations about downforce creation. A typical example is the accelerated flow under the floor.
I'll avoid formulas beyond this one, courtesy of X:
Bernoulli says that total pressure is constant
: Static pressure + Dynamic pressure, the latter as density * speed^2 / 2.
As a chemist, I learnt to think in terms of little things with mass, inertia, etc, interactuating with each other, be it single molecules or very small masses of air. I can see, understand and follow many aspects of downforce generation this way. My brain refuses to think in Bernoulli terms and I struggled for a good long time to understand it.
Marekk, in this forum, opened my eyes to how the description from the very small (individual gas molecules) and from the very big (Bernoulli) actually say the same thing in different languages. Now I think of Bernoulli as a way of expressing the conservation of energy, which manifests as pressure differences.
I am not saying that Bernoulli is wrong. It works, it has a solid scientific base, it predicts and explain things. I am just saying that there is another way of explaining the same phenomena from a different point of view.
I know that most people in this forum get confused by following molecules or very small masses of air, and feel more comfortable with the Bernoulli description of the phenomena. Just for the heck of sharing my point of view, I'll try to explain how the two relate to each other.
An ideal gas description of air works very well for this purpose, but it is important to remember that molecules of air are moving very fast, crashing on each other millions of times every second and hence constantly exchanging (kinetic) energy with each other. What we see from the outside are cumulative effects of many individual exchanges of energy between pairs of molecules, and those exchanges occur on a very fast timescale.
To get in the appropriate state of mind, imagine a concert in a really packed stadium, where everyone is touching the people around and jumping to the music, jumping which has a small and random horizontal component. Try to imagine what follows if suddenly 1000 people try to go to the same toilet at the same time.
Back to molecules, let's start with stationary gas. Imagine this between the car's floor and tarmac to give it some context. The blue circles are molecules. Think of the red arrows as velocity components (maybe at different times), that will later in time turn into forces.
Now let's assume that the same mass of air is moving. The concert analogy with going to the toilet works well here, we go from people jumping around at random to the music to people moving in a preferential direction.
And remember that air molecules are constantly exchanging energy with each other:
It is a bit confusing, it is difficult to see where energy is coming from and going to, but that is, simplified, how I see it. I hope it helps someone to get a different point of view on things. A useful mental exercise to help visualize these things:
Imagine that initial stationary mass of air between two equal masses of air, one to the left and one to the right of it. Now remove the mass of air to the right, put a perfect vacuum in there. What happens next?
Wind turbines are cool, elegant and magnificent. TANSTAAFL!