## 2014-2020 Formula One 1.6l V6 turbo engine formula

All that has to do with the power train, gearbox, clutch, fuels and lubricants, etc. Generally the mechanical side of Formula One.
subcritical71
89
Joined: Tue Jul 17, 2018 7:04 pm
Location: USA-Florida

### Re: 2014-2020 Formula One 1.6l V6 turbo engine formula

saviour stivala wrote:
Sun Jun 21, 2020 10:38 am
A harvesting pathway (K > H > ES) does not exist in harvesting regulations.
But it absolutely does. It’s even in picture form to help (although they did neglect to properly update it in their last round of changes this week).

henry
295
Joined: Mon Feb 23, 2004 7:49 pm
Location: England

### Re: 2014-2020 Formula One 1.6l V6 turbo engine formula

I’m puzzled by the new part throttle regulations. I can’t make the numbers add up. Can anyone explain it to me?

The regulation:

5.1.5 Below 10500rpm the fuel mass flow must not exceed Q (kg/h) = 0.009 N(rpm)+ 5.5.
5.1.6 At partial load, the fuel mass flow must not exceed the limit curve defined below:
- Q (kg/h) = 10 when the engine power is below -50kW
- Q (kg/h) = 0.257 x engine power (kW) + 22.85 when the engine power is above -50kW

If I set Q to 100kg/h the maximum part throttle power comes out at 300kW. Given that with 100kg/hr at 10500m they probably make around 500kW that’s a big jump from part throttle to full throttle.

I’m also puzzled that the lower bound is MINUS 50kW

Lockdown must have frazzled my brain.
Fortune favours the prepared; she has no favourites and takes no sides.
Truth is confirmed by inspection and delay; falsehood by haste and uncertainty : Tacitus

trinidefender
trinidefender
309
Joined: Fri Apr 19, 2013 7:37 pm

### Re: 2014-2020 Formula One 1.6l V6 turbo engine formula

Haven't really been keeping up with the updated regs for this season. Has the number of allocated PU components changed for the shortened season or are teams going to be running their PU's balls to the wall in every race since each PU is going to be subjected to much lower mileage?

sosic2121
sosic2121
13
Joined: Wed Jun 08, 2016 11:14 am

### Re: 2014-2020 Formula One 1.6l V6 turbo engine formula

henry wrote:
Mon Jul 06, 2020 7:57 pm
If I set Q to 100kg/h the maximum part throttle power comes out at 300kW. Given that with 100kg/hr at 10500m they probably make around 500kW that’s a big jump from part throttle to full throttle.
I think you are looking at the equation from the wrong side.
I think rule says if you produce this amount of power, then you are allowed to flow this amount of fuel. Of course, 100kg/h being the hard limit.

63l8qrrfy6
63l8qrrfy6
367
Joined: Wed Feb 17, 2016 8:36 pm

### Re: 2014-2020 Formula One 1.6l V6 turbo engine formula

henry wrote:
Mon Jul 06, 2020 7:57 pm
I’m puzzled by the new part throttle regulations. I can’t make the numbers add up. Can anyone explain it to me?

The regulation:

5.1.5 Below 10500rpm the fuel mass flow must not exceed Q (kg/h) = 0.009 N(rpm)+ 5.5.
5.1.6 At partial load, the fuel mass flow must not exceed the limit curve defined below:
- Q (kg/h) = 10 when the engine power is below -50kW
- Q (kg/h) = 0.257 x engine power (kW) + 22.85 when the engine power is above -50kW

If I set Q to 100kg/h the maximum part throttle power comes out at 300kW. Given that with 100kg/hr at 10500m they probably make around 500kW that’s a big jump from part throttle to full throttle.

I’m also puzzled that the lower bound is MINUS 50kW

Lockdown must have frazzled my brain.
I haven't looked at this in detail but does engine power refer to PU power or ICE power ?
PU power = ICE + MGUK power so when the MGUK is harvesting at part throttle (hence producing negative power) the PU power is lower than ICE power.

-50 kW could be full MGUK harvest (-120 kw) offset by 70 kw ICE power or any combination really.

Jolle
Jolle
125
Joined: Wed Jan 29, 2014 9:58 pm
Location: Dordrecht

### Re: 2014-2020 Formula One 1.6l V6 turbo engine formula

henry wrote:
Mon Jul 06, 2020 7:57 pm
I’m puzzled by the new part throttle regulations. I can’t make the numbers add up. Can anyone explain it to me?

The regulation:

5.1.5 Below 10500rpm the fuel mass flow must not exceed Q (kg/h) = 0.009 N(rpm)+ 5.5.
5.1.6 At partial load, the fuel mass flow must not exceed the limit curve defined below:
- Q (kg/h) = 10 when the engine power is below -50kW
- Q (kg/h) = 0.257 x engine power (kW) + 22.85 when the engine power is above -50kW

If I set Q to 100kg/h the maximum part throttle power comes out at 300kW. Given that with 100kg/hr at 10500m they probably make around 500kW that’s a big jump from part throttle to full throttle.

I’m also puzzled that the lower bound is MINUS 50kW

Lockdown must have frazzled my brain.
The minus 50 comes from recharging when off throttle I think. These new regs look like to limit the amount of recharge when not on full throttle by injecting more fuel then asked for the amount of power. (driver asks for 50% of power, ICE gives 50%+120KW to recharge the ES, etc etc)

henry
295
Joined: Mon Feb 23, 2004 7:49 pm
Location: England

### Re: 2014-2020 Formula One 1.6l V6 turbo engine formula

sosic2121 wrote:
Mon Jul 06, 2020 9:08 pm
henry wrote:
Mon Jul 06, 2020 7:57 pm
If I set Q to 100kg/h the maximum part throttle power comes out at 300kW. Given that with 100kg/hr at 10500m they probably make around 500kW that’s a big jump from part throttle to full throttle.
I think you are looking at the equation from the wrong side.
I think rule says if you produce this amount of power, then you are allowed to flow this amount of fuel. Of course, 100kg/h being the hard limit.
I think you can look at any equation from both sides so
Engine Power= (100 - 22.5)/0.257 = 300

However I think @Mudflap is right and to get ICE power you add 120kW coming to 420kW.
Fortune favours the prepared; she has no favourites and takes no sides.
Truth is confirmed by inspection and delay; falsehood by haste and uncertainty : Tacitus

henry
295
Joined: Mon Feb 23, 2004 7:49 pm
Location: England

### Re: 2014-2020 Formula One 1.6l V6 turbo engine formula

Mudflap wrote:
Mon Jul 06, 2020 10:13 pm
henry wrote:
Mon Jul 06, 2020 7:57 pm
I’m puzzled by the new part throttle regulations. I can’t make the numbers add up. Can anyone explain it to me?

The regulation:

5.1.5 Below 10500rpm the fuel mass flow must not exceed Q (kg/h) = 0.009 N(rpm)+ 5.5.
5.1.6 At partial load, the fuel mass flow must not exceed the limit curve defined below:
- Q (kg/h) = 10 when the engine power is below -50kW
- Q (kg/h) = 0.257 x engine power (kW) + 22.85 when the engine power is above -50kW

If I set Q to 100kg/h the maximum part throttle power comes out at 300kW. Given that with 100kg/hr at 10500m they probably make around 500kW that’s a big jump from part throttle to full throttle.

I’m also puzzled that the lower bound is MINUS 50kW

Lockdown must have frazzled my brain.
I haven't looked at this in detail but does engine power refer to PU power or ICE power ?
PU power = ICE + MGUK power so when the MGUK is harvesting at part throttle (hence producing negative power) the PU power is lower than ICE power.

-50 kW could be full MGUK harvest (-120 kw) offset by 70 kw ICE power or any combination really.
The section the regulation is in is, 5.1 Engine specification, this deals exclusively with details of the ICE.

However, I think you’re right. This new snippet of Regulation is referring to PU. So the new max part throttle power from the ICE is 420kW. This still seems low.

At least there is one less step for them to control this since they need only compare the PU torque sensor output to the fuel flow.
Fortune favours the prepared; she has no favourites and takes no sides.
Truth is confirmed by inspection and delay; falsehood by haste and uncertainty : Tacitus

henry
295
Joined: Mon Feb 23, 2004 7:49 pm
Location: England

### Re: 2014-2020 Formula One 1.6l V6 turbo engine formula

It looks like a constraint has been placed on part throttle fuel usage not to prevent energy collection via the K but to prevent fuel accumulation at part throttle to be used at full throttle.

So now we have two fuel sensors, a reduced volume of fuel outside the fuel cell, and control of part throttle flow rates. Belt, braces and a piece of string.
Fortune favours the prepared; she has no favourites and takes no sides.
Truth is confirmed by inspection and delay; falsehood by haste and uncertainty : Tacitus

henry
295
Joined: Mon Feb 23, 2004 7:49 pm
Location: England

### Re: 2014-2020 Formula One 1.6l V6 turbo engine formula

Here’s a little snippet in the 2021 regs that caught my eye.

5.8.2 Engine exhaust systems must have only a single turbine tailpipe exit and, if a wastegate is present, either one or two wastegate tailpipe exits which must all be rearward facing and through which all exhaust gases must pass. All and only the turbine exit exhaust gases must pass through the turbine tailpipe and all and only the wastegate exhaust gases must pass through the wastegate tailpipe(s). None of the tailpipes may be contained within any of the other tailpipes.

Does this suggest that one or more engine suppliers don’t see the need for a wastegate?
Fortune favours the prepared; she has no favourites and takes no sides.
Truth is confirmed by inspection and delay; falsehood by haste and uncertainty : Tacitus

3jawchuck
3jawchuck
37
Joined: Tue Feb 03, 2015 7:57 am

### Re: 2014-2020 Formula One 1.6l V6 turbo engine formula

henry wrote:
Fri Aug 07, 2020 8:33 am
Here’s a little snippet in the 2021 regs that caught my eye.

5.8.2 Engine exhaust systems must have only a single turbine tailpipe exit and, if a wastegate is present, either one or two wastegate tailpipe exits which must all be rearward facing and through which all exhaust gases must pass. All and only the turbine exit exhaust gases must pass through the turbine tailpipe and all and only the wastegate exhaust gases must pass through the wastegate tailpipe(s). None of the tailpipes may be contained within any of the other tailpipes.

Does this suggest that one or more engine suppliers don’t see the need for a wastegate?
At least that will be easy to spot. Or would they take a weight penalty to add a pair of vestigial wastegate pipes?

subcritical71
89
Joined: Tue Jul 17, 2018 7:04 pm
Location: USA-Florida

### Re: 2014-2020 Formula One 1.6l V6 turbo engine formula

henry wrote:
Fri Aug 07, 2020 8:33 am
Here’s a little snippet in the 2021 regs that caught my eye.

5.8.2 Engine exhaust systems must have only a single turbine tailpipe exit and, if a wastegate is present, either one or two wastegate tailpipe exits which must all be rearward facing and through which all exhaust gases must pass. All and only the turbine exit exhaust gases must pass through the turbine tailpipe and all and only the wastegate exhaust gases must pass through the wastegate tailpipe(s). None of the tailpipes may be contained within any of the other tailpipes.

Does this suggest that one or more engine suppliers don’t see the need for a wastegate?
I spotted this also 2 days ago when looking for the part load fuel flow. I thought it strange it hasn't been discussed yet. Although I do believe we may have inadvertently discussed it over a year ago... MGU-H clutches, freewheeling turbines, exhaust 'assist' using the motoring turbine (somebody mentioned it at some point)... Is there a possibility that while the MGU-H is motoring the turbine is freewheeling enough that the back pressure is negligible or have some manufacturers decided to clutch the turbine?

JordanMugen
52
Joined: Wed Oct 17, 2018 12:36 pm

### Re: 2014-2020 Formula One 1.6l V6 turbo engine formula

3jawchuck wrote:
Fri Aug 07, 2020 8:58 am
henry wrote:
Fri Aug 07, 2020 8:33 am
Does this suggest that one or more engine suppliers don’t see the need for a wastegate?
At least that will be easy to spot. Or would they take a weight penalty to add a pair of vestigial wastegate pipes?
None of the power units use the wastegate during the race anyway, do they?

It's only used occasionally during practice:

saviour stivala
saviour stivala
8
Joined: Wed Apr 25, 2018 11:54 am

### Re: 2014-2020 Formula One 1.6l V6 turbo engine formula

JordanMugen wrote:
Fri Aug 07, 2020 4:46 pm
3jawchuck wrote:
Fri Aug 07, 2020 8:58 am
henry wrote:
Fri Aug 07, 2020 8:33 am
Does this suggest that one or more engine suppliers don’t see the need for a wastegate?
At least that will be easy to spot. Or would they take a weight penalty to add a pair of vestigial wastegate pipes?
None of the power units use the wastegate during the race anyway, do they?

It's only used occasionally during practice:
All PU's use the waste-gates during the race,

saviour stivala
saviour stivala
8
Joined: Wed Apr 25, 2018 11:54 am

### Re: 2014-2020 Formula One 1.6l V6 turbo engine formula

‘Freewheeling turbine’. The rules does not allow for a ‘freewheeling turbine between the compressor and turbine. But the rules allows for the ‘H’ to be clutched to the turbine (MGU-H might be clutched to turbine). But that discussion about the ‘H might be clutched to the turbine’ was ‘killed’ by the usual grandiloquence behaviour of some. The one that pushed-out the Honda ‘secondary’ combustion system told us with some sort of authority that the ‘H’ is not clutched. Are we now also doubting him?.
In my opinion the rules saying the ‘H’ might be clutched to the turbo shaft means an engaged/disengaged clutch and not a sprag-type of a ‘one-way’ of freewheeling clutch.