Pinger wrote: ↑
Thu Jul 28, 2022 11:02 am
Uniflow I respect for recognising the potential of OP architecture, building one, and it being the first crankcase scavenged one. It doesn't however totally eliminate the possibility of UBHC to the exhaust port. In fairness to Uniflow, I don't recall him ever claiming it did.
Other (eg Cummins) OP engines appear to have been swallowed whole by the military disappearing from commercial viability and, as diesels, require direct injection (obviously!) and further, will go the route of the very expensive common rail injection kit.
There just doesn't seem to be anything in the middle ground that can eliminate entirely UBHC without resort to direct injection which despite there being spark ignited diesel versions (again, swallowed by the military) will I think struggle with low volatility bio-fuels should they be pursued (I believe they should). Bio-fuels are closer to ready than synthetic fuels (the volatility of which is unknown to me) but will require very large capital investment to realise.
Bio-fuels or synthetic fuels will be carbon neutral but un-burned emission of either won't be acceptable so is as the problem of UBHC currently with 2T.
Pinger, you'd surely recall that Evinrude E-TEC outboards were very competitive vs 4T rivals on 'UBHC' emissions,
(& that's without taking into account such '4T Owners Manual' views from car-makers - BMW & Subaru - that 'up to
a litre of oil consumed every 1000km is deemed acceptable, & is per production tolerance/specification usage').
Of course the whole 'emissions' aspect is more political than properly scientific, with parameters imposed
via tightly constrained 'modeling', (such as failing to take into account combustion temperature effects on
UBHC particulates,(& as a few other examples will demonstrate) ranging from size/volatility through to
matters of solidity/toxicity/carbon-state/aerosol-state, & deleterious effects on lung-function).
True the military places operation function capability well above the concerns of 'civil' authorities here (& are
indeed exempt from them), but that does not mean they don't have practical reasons to replace 'ancient' design 2T
Detroit Diesels & mid-1970s turbo-shaft engines with their respective smoke/heat emission & fuel guzzling habits.
Bio-oils derived from plants - from the venerable castor plant, through to recent avocado-derived lubricants also
offer a practicable alternative to fossil-sourced lubricants, likewise...