Formula One’s teams and drivers return to Europe after a long trip to Canada for the French Grand Prix, Round Eight of the 2019 FIA Formula One World Championship.
After the French Grand Prix reappeared on the Formula One calendar last year, France is delighted to welcome back the field this year. This country holds a special record as it opened up the book of Grand Prix history by having hosted the first ever race which was called Grand Prix. This event took place in Le Mans and was won by Hungarian driver Ferenc Szisz.
History of the French Grand Prix
Grand Prix motor racing originated in France. The French Grand Prix is the oldest Grand Prix race, first run on 26 June 1906 Sarthe, with a starting field of 32 automobiles. The Grand Prix name which has the meaning of Great Prize referred to the prize of 45,000 French francs to the race winner which was of huge value, having been worth 13 kg of gold. The earliest French Grands Prix were held on circuits consisting of public roads near towns through France, and they usually were held at different towns each year, such as Le Mans, Dieppe, Amiens, Lyon, Strasbourg and Tours.
The 1906 race was the first ever Grand Prix, an event that originated from the Gordon Bennett Cup races that had started in 1899. This race was run on a 66-mile (106 km) closed public road circuit starting at the western French town of Le Mans, through a series of villages and back again to Le Mans. Hungarian Ferenc Szisz won this very long 12‑hour race on a Renault.
The World War I caused huge damage to France which meant Grand Prix was not brought back to the country until 1921. In 1925, the first permanent autodrome in France was built, it was called Autodrome de Linas-Montlhéry, located 20 miles south of the centre of the French capital of Paris. The construction of the first French purpose-built track was prompted by England’s Brookands, USA’s Indianapolis and Italy’s Monza tracks.
Until the birth of the Formula One World Championship, there were different venues hosting the French Grand Prix. Among those are Pau, Le Mans, Reims-Gueux, Lyon-Parilly, Miramas and Saint-Gaudens.
In 1950, the French Grand Prix was part of the first Formula One calendar with Reims-Gueux hosting the race for the first three years. Until 2009, France was a fixture on the calendar except 1955. That year, the French Grand Prix was cancelled because of the Le Mans disaster, which also prompted Mercedes to withdraw from all racing at the end of that year. The race continued to be held at Reims in 1956, another spell at a lengthened Rouen-Les-Essarts in 1957 and back to Reims again from 1958–1961, 1963 and one last event in 1966.
1991 brought a new chapter to the history of French Grand Prix. That year, the race moved to the Circuit de Nevers Magny-Cours, where it stayed for another 17 years. The move to Magny-Cours was an attempt to stimulate the economy of the area, but many within Formula One complained about the remote nature of the circuit.
Most successful drivers and teams
Michael Schumacher holds the record for most wins in history of the French Grand Prix. The German won on eight occasions, two times for Benetton and six times for Ferrari. Home hero Alain Prost is second on this list with six wins, followed by Nigel Mansell and Juan Manuel Fangio who both won four times. Jack Brabham and Jackie Stewart both have three French GP victories to their names. The list of two-time winners includes Mike Hawthorn, Mario Andretti, Ronnie Peterson, Niki Lauda, Dan Gurney and Jim Clark.
Ferrari is the absolute dominant force when it comes to the French Grand Prix. The Italians have won on 17 occasions. Williams is the second most successful constructor with eight wins followed by Lotus with seven victories. The French constructor Renault have been victorious five times just as McLaren. Brabham clinched four wins. Tyrell, Benetton, Mercedes and Alfa Romeo have all collected two wins in France.
The track’s combination of high-speed straights, the extremely fast Signes corner at the end of the now bisected Mistral straight, and sequences of technically-demanding, low- and medium-speed corners at the end of sectors 1 and 3 also make the choice of downforce level more complex as teams balance outright speed with agility through the corners. Aerodynamic balance is a key factor to success on the current race layout of the Paul Ricard circuit especially in the first and third sector which feautres a series of medium-speed corners and quick changes of direction.
The sport’s sole tyre supplier Pirelli is designating its C4 compound as the red-banded soft tyre on offer, the C3 as the yellow medium and the C2 as the white hard tyre for this weekend’s French Grand Prix.